Thiruvaiyaru Temple

All About Thiruvaiyaru Temple – Aiyarappar Temple

Thiruvaiyaru Temple is the famous name of Aiyarappar Temple situated in the thiruvaiyaru. The tremendous Tiruvaiyaru Temple features five prakarams, numerous mandapas, and intricate sculptural work.  

Thus, Somaskandar (Olokamaveedivitankar) is significant. The grave of Saint Tyagaraja, one of the foremost composers in the Karnatic music style, is what gives the village of Tiruvaiyaru its greater popularity.

Tiruvaiyaru is regarded as the 51st Tevara Stalam to rule the Chola kingdom to the north of the Kaveri River. 

Why Thiruvaiyaru Temple (Aiyarappar Temple) Famous For? 

Aiyarappar is a Hindu temple honoring Shiva that is situated in the Tamil Nadu village of Tiruvaiyaru. Vadavaru, Vennaaru, Vettaaru, Kudamuruttiyaaru, and Kaaviriyaaru are the names of the Five Rivers.

The lingam is used to symbolize Shiva, who is recognized as Aiyarappar.  

Parvati is represented as AramValarthaNaayagi. The Tevaram, a work considered to be Paadal Petra Sthalam and composed by Tamil poet-saints known as the nayanars in the seventh century, is a canonical work of Tamil Saiva worship that honors the presiding deity. 

This temple is also known as Dakshina Kailasham (Kailash of the South). Nandi, the celestial bull of Lord Shiva, was born here and later served as Shiva’s mount.

In the Tamil Nadu district of Ariyalur, the heavenly nuptials of Nandi and Suyasayambikai took place in the Thirumazhapadi Vaidyanathaswamy temple. This is a celebration known as Saptha Stanam, which is celebrated at seven local Shiva temples. 

Many inscriptions connected to the temple show contributions from the Thanjavur Maratha dynasty, Thanjavur Nayaks, Cholas, and Pandyas.

The oldest portions of the current masonry building date back to the Chola dynasty, which ruled from the ninth century until the Thanjavur Nayaks, who reigned from the sixteenth century.

Further additions, like as the soaring gopuram gatehouses, are credited to succeeding eras. 

Other Famous Facts About This Temple 

Thiruvaiyaru Temple is one of the biggest in the state, the temple complex has four gopurams, or gateway towers. There are many shrines in the temple, the most notable of which are those of Aiyarappar and Dharmasamvardhini.

The temple complex consists of several rooms and three precincts; the second precinct, which was constructed during the Vijayanagar period and has several sculptures, is the most renowned.

Six daily rites are performed in the temple daily between 5:30 a.m. and 10 p.m. in addition to twelve yearly events.

Before 1984, charitable individuals looked for the temple’s upkeep; it is now maintained and operated by the Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Department of the Government of Tamil Nadu. 

History About This Temple 

The temple is divided into two halves known as “Dakshinakailasam” and “Uttarakailasam.”  

The late 10th century saw the construction of Uttarakailasam by Rajaraja Cholan’s queen, who also made various endowments.

Queen Rajendra Cholan rebuilt Dakshinakailasam. One of the songs in “Thevaram” was dedicated to this temple by Appar, a significant Nayanmar, who had a close relationship with this shrine. 

Location Of Thiruvaiyaru Temple 

The temple be found at Tiruvaiyaru, a panchayat town in Tamil Nadu’s Thanjavur district. Thiruvaiyaru, which is 13 km from Thanjavur, features an ancient Shiva temple with Panchanatheeswar as its patron saint.

It is situated along the Kaveri River’s banks.  

Even though tourists visit this temple all year long, Thiruvaiyaru is better known for its connection to Saint Thyagaraja, one of the three musicians that make up the Also the Carnatic music trio of Muthuswami Dikshitar, Shyama Sastri, and others. 

The one-room house where Thyagaraja wrote some of his greatest works is close to the Shiva shrine. The finest music festival in the nation is held here every year at the saint composer’s Samadhi, which is located on the river’s banks.

Religious Significance 

Thiruvayyaru, Mayiladuthurai, Thiruvidaimaruthur, Thiruvenkadu, Chayavanam, and Srivanchiyam are temple shrines that are regarded as Kasi’s counterparts.  

Ten padigams known as the First Tirumurai and Second Tirumuari, composed by the Tamil Saivite poet Tirugnana Sambandar in the seventh century, praised Aiyarappar.

In 12 padigams in Tevaram that were composed in the Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth Tirumurai, Appar, a contemporary of Sambandar, praised Aiyarappar.

Seven padigams that Sundarar wrote in the eighth century and which are included in the seventh Tirumuari honor Aiyarppar.

As one of the 275 temples mentioned in the Saiva canon, the temple is categorized as Paadal Petra Sthalam because it is worshipped in Tevaram.

On the list of temples along the northern banks of the Cauvery, the temple is ranked number 52.

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